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Automatic Speculative DOALL for Clusters [abstract] (PDF)
Hanjun Kim, Nick P. Johnson, Jae W. Lee, Scott A. Mahlke, and David I. August
Proceedings of the 2012 International Symposium on Code Generation and Optimization (CGO), March 2012.

Automatic parallelization for clusters is a promising alternative to time-consuming, error-prone manual parallelization. However, automatic parallelization is frequently limited by the imprecision of static analysis. Moreover, due to the inherent fragility of static analysis, small changes to the source code can significantly undermine performance. By replacing static analysis with speculation and profiling, automatic parallelization becomes more robust and applicable. A naive automatic speculative parallelization does not scale for distributed memory clusters, due to the high bandwidth required to validate speculation. This work is the first automatic speculative DOALL (Spec-DOALL) parallelization system for clusters. We have implemented a prototype automatic parallelization system, called Cluster Spec-DOALL, which consists of a Spec-DOALL parallelizing compiler and a speculative runtime for clusters. Since the compiler optimizes communication patterns, and the runtime is optimized for the cases in which speculation succeeds, Cluster Spec-DOALL minimizes the communication and validation overheads of the speculative runtime. Across 8 benchmarks, Cluster Spec-DOALL achieves a geomean speedup of 43.8x on a 120-core cluster, whereas DOALL without speculation achieves only 4.5x speedup. This demonstrates that speculation makes scalable fully-automatic parallelization for clusters possible.