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The Liberty Research Group

Parallelization Project

Scalable Speculative Parallelization on Commodity Clusters [abstract] (ACM DL, PDF)
Hanjun Kim, Arun Raman, Feng Liu, Jae W. Lee, and David I. August
Proceedings of the 43rd IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture (MICRO), December 2010.
Accept Rate: 18% (45/248).
Highest ranked paper in double-blind review process.

While clusters of commodity servers and switches are the most popular form of large-scale parallel computers, many programs are not easily parallelized for execution upon them. In particular, high inter-node communication cost and lack of globally shared memory appear to make clusters suitable only for server applications with abundant task-level parallelism and scientific applications with regular and independent units of work. Clever use of pipeline parallelism (DSWP), thread-level speculation (TLS), and speculative pipeline parallelism (Spec-DSWP) can mitigate the costs of inter-thread communication on shared memory multicore machines. This paper presents Distributed Software Multi-threaded Transactional memory (DSMTX), a runtime system which makes these techniques applicable to non-shared memory clusters, allowing them to efficiently address inter-node communication costs. Initial results suggest that DSMTX enables efficient cluster execution of a wider set of application types. For 11 sequential C programs parallelized for a 4-core 32-node (128 total core) cluster without shared memory, DSMTX achieves a geomean speedup of 49x. This compares favorably to the 15x speedup achieved by our implementation of TLS-only support for clusters.